Ignaz Aurelius Fessler was a Hungarian politician, philosopher, and historian.
Fessler, sometimes referred to as Feßler, was born on 18 May 1756 in the village of Zundorf in the Hungarian county of Moson. Now in the eastern part of Austria. He was appointed a priest in 1779. He continued his classical and philological studies. He also developed some liberal ideas that got him in trouble with his superiors at the church.
In 1784, Fessler, Holy Roman Emperor II. He wrote to Joseph. He proposed changes to better educate the clergy, and also drew attention to the irregularities in the monasteries. The ensuing investigation left Fessler to many enemies. Later that year he was appointed professor of Oriental languages and hermeneutics, text interpretation theory and methodology at the University of Lemberg. He also took a doctor of theology from the school. Shortly after, at the Emperor’s request, Fessler was released from his monastic vows.
In 1788, Fessler published his tragedy called Sidney . King of England II. It was James’ disclosure. At the same time, the fanaticism of British Roman Catholics was discussed. The articles made Fessler a punk. It was violently attacked for being profane and revolutionary. He resigned from the University of Lemberg and left the country. He switched to Lutheranism in 1791.
In 1796 Fessler found himself in Berlin. He built a humane society there. When Fichte joined Freemasonry, he also encountered the philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Fichte and Fessler worked on reforms for the statute and ritual of Fichte’s lodge. Before long, the two men, who were allies at first, became fierce rivals.
Fessler left Berlin and eventually found himself in St. Petersburg while serving Alexander I. He spent the rest of his life in St. Petersburg.
In 1831, Fessler was elected a relevant member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences for his contributions to Hungarian history.
Fessler passed away on December 15, 1839.
Fessler was a member of the Burning Star Pavilion Pythagoras in Berlin.